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Table 2 Questionnaire

From: Nurses' preparedness to care for women exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: a quantitative study in primary health care

Part 1. Nurses' views on common attitudes toward Intimate Partner Violence (IPV).
Attitudes *Agree to some degree% **Does not agree at all% No opinion%  
Alcohol and drugs are common reasons for IPV (n = 182) 91 8 1  
The perpetrator simply loses control (n = 180) 69 25 16  
IPV is most common among the lower socioeconomic groups (n = 178) 25 71 4  
Victims of IPV can always leave the perpetrator if they want to (n = 181) 22 77 1  
For children's sake, it is important to keep the family together even when IPV occurs (n = 180) 12 86 2  
It is the victim's fault that she has been abused (n = 182) 3 97 1  
Part 2.
Own preparedness   n (%)
Have you obtained knowledge about IPV on your own?   
   Yes    86 (48)
   No    95 (52)
   Total    181 (100)
Did you receive training about dealing with IPV in your vocational training?   
   Yes    37 (20)
   No    146 (80)
   Total    183 (100)
In your professional work over the last three years, have you received any training on IPV?   
   Yes    15 (8)
   No    173 (92)
   Total    188 (100)
Do you believe that you are sufficiently prepared to deal with a women exposed to IPV?   
   Yes    26 (14)
   No    158 (86)
   Total    184 (100)
Are you interested in learning about IPV and how to deal with it?   
   Yes    147 (82)
   No    33 (18)
   Total    180 (100)
In which country did you receive your nursing degree?   
   Sweden    184 (3)
   Nordic countries (Sweden excluded)    5 (3)
   Outside Nordic countries    1 (0)
   Total    190 (100)
Part 3. Nurses' description of signs that indicate IPV. Several alternatives were available
Signs that indicate IPV n (%)
The woman's explanation is not consistent with the injury 145 (76)
Bruises 134 (70)
The partner is overprotective or refuses to leave the woman alone with the nurse 129 (68)
Injuries to the face, arms and/or torso 128 (67)
Hair pulled out 118 (62)
Earlier A&E visits with injuries of an unclear nature 114 (60)
The woman waited a long time to seek help for the injuries 104 (54)
The woman comes frequently for diffuse complaints with no improvement 100 (52)
Bilateral or multiple injuries on the same or different dates 94 (49)
An injured pregnant women 91 (47)
Mental/psychosomatic problems 90 (48)
Fractures 76 (40)
Sleeping disorders 75 (39)
Injuries to the lower part of the body 73 (38)
Burns 68 (36)
Difficulties coping with a physical examination 64 (34)
Puncture wounds 63 (33)
Chronic pain without distinct reason 58 (30)
Gastrointestinal disorders 46 (24)
High or low BMI 40 (21)
Part 4. The interventions the nurses stated that they carried out when they suspected or when they knew that a woman was exposed to IPV. Several alternatives were available.
List of interventions Suspected n (%) Knew n (%)
Offer her an appointment with a doctor 127 (68) 137 (74)
Meet the women alone, without her partner 111 (60) 104 (56)
Give her information about volunteer organisations, such as women's shelters, crime victims hotline 104 (56) 134 (72)
Notes in the patient records such as nurses' observations and suspicions 100 (54) 13 (61)
Ask her if she has children 98 (53) 107 (58)
Ask her about her relationship with the man I suspect abuses her 81 (44) 97 (52)
Try to find out what kind of abuse she was exposed to (physical, mental, economic/financial abuse etc.) 80 (43) 103 (55)
Use an authorised interpreter if the women cannot speak Swedish language 79 (42) 114 (61)
Ask about her social background (relationships, social networks, profession etc) 79 (42) 96 (52)
Offer her a follow-up appointment 72 (39) 70 (38)
Offer her an appointment with someone else at the health centre for follow-up talks 50 (24) 51 (27)
If the women has children under age, report to social services that a child may be at risk 44 (24) 71 (38)
Listen to her description of the violence she was subjected to   131 (70)
Advise her to contact the police   112 (60)
Offer her help contacting the social services   84 (42)
Offer her help contacting the police   79 (42)
Offer to call her later   53 (28)
Offer her a home visit   27 (15)
  1. * These answers include the following alternatives: 'agree perfectly', 'agree somewhat' and 'agree to some degree'
  2. ** The preferred answer on all questions