Dependent variable

Mean change scores (σ)

Effect of group



Foot massage

Silent resting

Overall

FValue

Significance (p=)

Partial eta squared (η^{2})


Systolic Blood Pressure

−5.10

−5.88

−5.51

0.29

0.60

0.02


(3.34)

(2.97)

(3.09)
   
Diastolic Blood Pressure

−5.06

−2.25

−3.58

4.79

0.04*

0.22


(2.46)

(3.05)

(3.07)
   
Faces Anxiety Scale

−0.72

−0.30

−0.50

7.31

0.02*

0.30


(0.42)

(0.24)

(0.40)
   

Notes. Total n=19; Foot massage n=9; Silent resting n=10; *p<0.05; σ = Standard Deviation; Change scores were calculated for blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) and anxiety for each of the 12 ft massage or silent resting sessions (i.e., post minus preintervention). An overall mean change score was then calculated for the foot massage and silent resting groups for each measure (i.e., sum of change scores divided by 12).