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Table 2 Factors influencing patient safety, as perceived by the nurses

From: Facilitators and barriers influencing patient safety in Swedish hospitals: a qualitative study of nurses’ perceptions

Category Description of the category Barriers (B) and facilitators (F)
Patient factors Patient factors relate to patients’ influence on patient safety as perceived by the nurses Patient interaction (B + F)
Patient engagement (F)
Individual staff factors Individual staff factors refer to various personal characteristics of the nurses and other health care providers that the nurses perceived to influence patient safety Interest and knowledge (F)
Skills and abilities (B + F)
Feelings (B)
Fallibility (B)
Team factors Team factors refer to various aspects of the interaction between nurses and other health care providers that the nurses perceived to influence patient safety Collaboration in multiprofessional teams (B + F)
Communication with colleagues (B + F)
Task and technology factors Task and technology factors concern workplace technologies and processes involved in storing and sharing of data, information and knowledge that the nurses perceived to influence patient safety Collecting, storing and sharing patient safety-related data and information (B + F)
Medical records (B + F)
Incident reporting (B + F)
Computerized technology (B + F)
Written protocols (F)
Work environment factors Work environment factors relate to workplace conditions that the nurses perceived to influence patient safety Structures and forums for learning from errors (B + F)
Work schedule (B)
Staffing levels and competence mix (B + F)
Physical environment (B)
Organizational and management factors Organizational and management factors concern conditions of the health care organization (beyond the specific workplace in which the nurses work) that the nurses perceived to influence patient safety Leadership (B + F)
Financial resources (B)
Institutional context factors Institutional context factors refer to conditions of the outer context of the health care organization that the nurses perceived to influence patient safety Use of knowledge from external sources (B + F)
Communication with people external to the workplace (B)
Societal interest in patient safety (F)