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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of outcomes and independent variables

From: Organization of nursing care in three Nordic countries: relationships between nurses’ workload, level of involvement in direct patient care, job satisfaction, and intention to leave

  Finland Norway Sweden P-value
  N Per-cent N Per-cent N Per-cent FI vs NO FI vs SW NO vs SW
Level of involvement in direct patient care          
How would you describe your role in caring for most of the patients on your most recent shift? Mark the one option that fits best.          
I provided most care myself 657 58% 2,448 65% 3,016 27% 0.0641a <0.0001a <0.0001a
I supervised the care by others and provided some myself. 302 27% 940 25% 5,697 52%    
I provided only limited care such as dressing changes or drug administration and most of direct care was done by others 89 8% 291 8% 1,806 16%    
Missing 85 8% 73 2% 496 5%    
Total 1,133 100% 3,752 100% 11,015 100%    
Patient workload          
How many patients were you directly responsible for on the most recent shift you worked?          
  Overall mean (Low ≤ CI 95% ≤ High)   9.42 (9.06-9.78)   6.54 (6.42-6.66)   7.59 (7.50-7.68) <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
Is the number of patients in preceding question typical of your workload?          
  Less 439 39% 1,252 33% 769 7% <0.0001a <0.0001a <0.0001a
  Same 497 44% 2,090 56% 6,790 62%    
  More 128 11% 332 9% 2,729 25%    
  Missing 69 6% 78 2% 727 7%    
Of all the patients were you directly responsible for on your most recent shift, how many required assistance with all activities of daily living?          
  Overall mean (Low ≤ CI 95% ≤ High)   4.47 (4.24-4.70)   3.04 (2.97-3.12)   2.71 (2.66-2.76) <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
Of all the patients were you directly responsible for on your most recent shift, how many required hourly or more frequent monitoring or treatments?          
Overall mean (Low ≤ CI 95% ≤ High)   3.55 (3.36-3.74)   1.92 (1.84-2.00)   2.64 (2.58-2.70) <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
Job satisfaction and intention to leave          
How satisfied are you with your current job in this hospital?          
  Very dissatisfied 38 3% 94 3% 468 4% <0.0001b <0.0001b <0.0001b
  A little dissatisfied 262 23% 679 18% 1,937 18%    
  Moderately satisfied 665 59% 2,071 55% 6,161 56%    
  Very satisfied 149 13% 885 24% 2,284 21%    
  Missing 19 2% 23 1% 165 1%    
Would you recommend your hospital to a nurse colleague as a good place to work?          
  Definitely no 12 1% 59 2% 433 4% <0.0001b <0.0001b <0.0001b
  Probably no 171 15% 455 12% 2,353 21%    
  Probably yes 693 61% 2,183 58% 5,758 52%    
  Definitely yes 229 20% 1,034 28% 2,223 20%    
  Missing 28 2% 21 1% 248 2%    
If possible, would you leave your current hospital within the next year as a result of job dissatisfaction?          
  Yes 546 48% 942 25% 3,651 33% <0.0001c <0.0001c <0.0001c
  No 565 50% 2,770 74% 7,181 65%    
  Missing 22 2% 40 1% 183 2%    
If yes, what type of work would you seek?          
  Nursing in another hospital 277 51% 344 30% 1,134 31% <0.0001a <0.0001a <0.0001a
  Nursing, but not in a hospital 154 28% 417 37% 1,470 40%    
  Non-nursing 114 21% 375 33% 765 21%    
  Missing 1 0.2%    282 8%    
  1. aChi-square computation was based only on valid cases; df =2.
  2. bMann–Whitney U computation was based only on valid cases.
  3. cChi-square computation was based only on valid cases; df =1.