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Table 3 Responses to nursing home nurses and community-dwelling older persons to questions about the management of suspected infections, n (%)

From: Nursing home nurses’ and community-dwelling older adults’ reported knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward antibiotic use

Quantitative responses Nurses (n = 31) Older adults (n = 66) P-value*
Knowledge- Are you aware of any health dangers to yourself or other people associated with taking antibiotics?a  
 Aware 22 (71%) 45 (69%) 1.0
Attitude- When I have a cold, I should take antibiotics to prevent getting a more serious illness.  
 Strongly disagree or disagree 29 (94%) 51 (77%) 0.003
 Neutral 0 3 (5%)  
 Strongly agree or agree 2 (6%) 12 (18%)  
Attitude- When I get a cold, antibiotics help me to get better more quickly.  
 Strongly disagree or disagree 25 (81%) 46 (70%) 0.698
 Neutral 2 (6%) 4 (6%)  
 Strongly agree or agree 4 (13%) 16 (24%)  
Attitude- By the time I am sick enough to talk to or visit a doctor because of a cold, I usually expect a prescription for antibioticsb  
 Strongly disagree or disagree 12 (39%) 39 (59%) 0.069
 Neutral 6 (19%) 9 (14%)  
 Strongly agree or agree 12 (39%) 18 (28%)  
Behaviors- Did not perceive need for an antibiotic in the:  
 Asymptomatic bacteriuria vignette 24 (77%) 33 (50%) 0.008
 Viral upper respiratory vignette 27 (87%) 38 (58%) <0.001
 Wound vignettea 30 (97%) 48 (74%) 0.016
  1. *Statistical method used = Fisher’s Exact
  2. a n = 30 for the nurses survey
  3. b n = 65 for the older adults survey