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Table 4 Participants’ engagement in fall-prevention activities and average item scores (N = 162)

From: Nurses’ knowledge, attitude, and fall prevention practices at south Korean hospitals: a cross-sectional survey

Rank Item Items pertaining to engagement in fall-prevention activities M SD
1 20 I always raise the bed rails when moving a patient on a stretcher cart. 3.82 0.47
2 19 I always engage the lock when transferring patients to wheelchairs. 3.77 0.51
3 6 I always raise the bed rails for elderly people, children, unconscious patients, and very unstable patients. 3.73 0.53
4 11 I educate patients to ensure that they ask for help to prevent falls. 3.68 0.53
5 8 I ensure that unconscious patients, very unstable patients, or surgical patients are moved from the bed with assistance from a nurse or caregiver. 3.60 0.62
6 10 I ensure that patients at risk of falling walk with their caregivers. 3.60 0.60
7 7 I ensure that patients at risk of falling who wake up to go to bathroom are helped off the bed by a nurse or guardian 3.52 0.69
8 9 In cases of abuse of drugs that can cause falls, I monitor the occurrence of the drug’s effects. 3.41 0.75
9 1 I inform all inpatients and caregivers of the possibility of falls while introducing them to hospital life. 3.38 0.75
10 13 I educate patients and caregivers in moving to the bed, chair, bathroom, and wheelchair safely. 3.36 0.76
11 16 I ensure that patients wear non-slip shoes of the correct size. 3.31 0.76
12 17 I maintain proper illumination on the bed and in the bathroom. 3.29 0.76
13 15 Paths should be cleared for easy use. 3.28 0.74
14 12 I provide patients and caregivers with instructions on fall prevention and remind them of these frequently. 3.09 0.93
15 14 I encourage high-risk patients to exercise regularly unless it is contraindicated (once per day). 3.01 0.91
16 5 I attach fall hazard signs to patient charts, patient rooms, and beds for high-risk patients. 2.94 1.11
17 4 I assess patients’ levels of normal motor function. 2.93 0.88
18 2 I assess patients’ fall risk factors using a fall risk assessment scale upon admission. 2.91 1.15
19 3 I regularly (e.g., twice) reassess fall risk factors in connection with changes in a patient’s condition after admission. 2.77 1.06
20 18 I place a non-slip mat on the floor when taking a barrel bath or shower. 2.36 1.13
  1. M = mean; SD = standard deviation