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Table 4 The Relationship between student selection methods and academic performance in reviewed studies

From: A scoping review of admission criteria and selection methods in nursing education

Selection methods Author and years P-value for relationship of student selection methods to academic performance
Academic success Attrition Graduation NCLEX-RN Clinical performance
American College Test (ACT) Elkins 2015 [60]     <.05a  
Grossbach & Kuncel 2011 [41]     <.01a  
Health Education Systems Inc. (HESI) Admission Hinderer et al. 2014 [57] .007a   Not report .01a  
Underwood et al. 2013 [51] <.01b     
Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT) Pitt et al. 2015 [59] <.01a   <.01b   >.01b
National League for Nursing (NLN) Crouch 2015 [61] <.001a     
Stuenkel 2006 [30]     <.001a  
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) Grossbach and Kuncel 2011 [41]     <.01a  
Stuenkel 2006 [30]     <.001a  
Test of Essential Academic Skills (TEAS) Bremner et al. 2014 [55] <.001a     
Harner 2014 [56] <.001a     
Hernandez 2011 [39] <.001a <.001a    
Newton et al. 2007 [31] <.001a     
Wolkowitz & Kelley 2010 [36] < 0.001b     
Newton & Moore 2009 [34]   .329b    
Wambuguh et al. 2016 [13]    .01b .02b  
Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Crouch 2015 [61] <.01a     
Nurse Entrance Test (NET) Herrera 2012 [44]    >.01b   
Nationwide Entry Exam Dante et al. 2011 [40] .006b   .001b   
Lancia et al. 2013 [49] .38a   .215a   
Previous academic achievement Newton et al. 2007 [31] <.001b     
Newton & Moore 2009 [34] <.001a     
Lancia et al. 2013 [49] .001a   .001a   
Crouch 2015 [61] < .01a     
Timer & Clauson 2011 [8] <.001b     
Wambuguh et al. 2016 [13] .001b   .01a   
Elkins 2015 [60]    <.01a <.01a  
Herrera 2012 [44]    <.001a   
Schmidt & MacWilliams 2011 [37]    <.01a <.01a  
Hernandez 2011 [39]    <.01a <.01a  
Grossbach & Kuncel 2011 [41]     <.01a  
Stuenkel 2006 [30]     <.01a  
McGahee et al. 2010 [35]     .002a  
Interviews Gale et al. 2016 [6] .03b     
Schmidt & MacWilliams 2011 [37]   <.01b    
  1. a = Pearson correlation coefficient, b = regression analysis
  2. NCLEX-RN National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse