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Table 3 Responses to evidence-based practice implementation scale by trained and untrained students (n = 241)

From: Evidence-based practice beliefs and implementations: a cross-sectional study among undergraduate nursing students

How often each item has applied to you in the past 8 weeks: 4 times or more χ2 p
  All students (n = 241)
n (%)
Trained (n = 163)
n (%)
Untrained (n = 78)
n (%)
1. “Collected data on a patient problem”. 132 (54.8) 95 (58.3) 37 (47.4) 2.505 .113
2. “Evaluated a care initiative by collecting patient outcome data”. 106 (44.0) 85 (52.1) 21 (26.9) 13.624 .000
3. “Used evidence to change my clinical practice”. 78 (32.4) 59 (36.2) 19 (24.4) 3377 .066
4. “Critically appraised evidence from a research study”. 85 (35.3) 64 (39.3) 21 (26.9) 3.519 .061
5. “Generated a PICO question about my clinical practice”. 81 (33.6) 62 (38.0) 19 (24.4) 4.423 .035
6. “Informally discussed evidence from a research study with a colleague”. 102 (42.3) 77 (47.2) 25 (32.1) 4.985 .026
7. “Shared evidence from a study/ies in the form of a report or presentation to > 2 colleagues”. 111 (46.1) 78 (47.9) 33 (42.3) .653 .419
8. “Read and critically appraised a clinical research study”. 77 (32.0) 57 (35.0) 20 (25.6) 2.111 .146
9. “Shared an EBP guideline with a colleague”. 107 (44.4) 83 (50.9) 24 (30.8) 8.678 .003
10. “Shared evidence from a research study with a patient/family member”. 103 (42.7) 81 (49.7) 22 (28.2) 9.954 .002
11. “Shared evidence from a research study with a multidisciplinary team member”. 96 (39.8) 67 (41.1) 29 (37.2) .339 .560
12. “Evaluated the outcomes of a practice change”. 112 (46.5) 81 (49.7) 31 (39.7) 2.099 .147
13. “Accessed the Cochrane database of systematic reviews”. 86 (35.7) 65 (39.9) 21 (26.9) 3.857 .050
14. “Accessed (A database for EBP)” 76 (31.6%) 58 (35.6) 18 (23.1) 3.821 .051
15. “Used an EBP guideline or systematic review to change clinical practice where I work”. 93 (38.6%) 68 (41.7) 25 (32.1) 2.080 .149
16. “Shared the outcome data collected with colleagues”. 101 (42.0) 76 (46.6) 25 (32.1) 4.603 .032
17. “Promoted the use of EBP to my colleagues”. 89 (36.9) 62 (38.0) 27 (34.6) .265 .607
18. “Changed practice based on patient outcome data”. 101 (41.9) 74 (45.4) 27 (34.6) 2.520 .112
  1. The three categories (4–5 times, 6–8 times, and 4 ≥ 8 times) were collapsed together as (≥ 4 times) to indicate frequent implementation