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Table 3 Multivariate linear regression models for the influencing factors of FFVW analysis

From: Fear of future workplace violence and its influencing factors among nurses in Shandong, China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized Coefficients t p value 95% confidence interval
Β SE Beta Lower bound Upper bound
Sex (ref. Male)
 Female 7.10 1.67 0.098 4.261 <0.001*** 3.831 10.366
Age, years (ref. ≤30)
 31–50 1.46 1.22 0.041 1.201 0.230 −0.925 3.845
 >50 −1.58 2.68 −0.018 −0.592 0.554 −6.832 3.663
Marital status (ref. Single/divorced/widowed/separated)
 Married 3.50 1.59 0.081 2.197 0.028* 0.376 6.616
Education background (ref. College diploma or below)
 Bachelor 2.08 1.53 0.039 1.362 0.173 −0.915 5.070
 Master or higher 0.36 2.44 0.004 0.147 0.883 −4.422 5.139
Monthly income, CNY (ref. <5000)
  ≥ 5000 3.14 1.17 0.070 2.687 0.007** 0.849 5.439
Number of child/children (ref.0)
 1 −1.17 1.60 −0.034 −0.734 0.463 −4.305 1.960
  ≥ 2 −2.72 1.73 −0.071 −1.571 0.116 −6.111 0.674
Department (ref. Other)
 Internal medicine 2.90 1.35 0.076 2.143 0.032* 0.246 5.555
 Surgery 5.03 1.30 0.143 3.869 <0.001*** 2.480 7.579
 Obstetrics and gynecology 3.78 2.07 0.048 1.829 0.068 −0.274 7.827
 Pediatrics 5.38 1.83 0.081 2.938 0.003** 1.789 8.975
 Emergency department 4.50 1.74 0.074 2.594 0.010* 1.099 7.909
Professional status (ref. Primary)
 Intermediate 1.45 1.05 0.042 1.376 0.169 −0.616 3.510
 Senior 1.51 2.48 0.018 0.608 0.543 −3.354 6.371
Employment status (ref. Regular employee)
 Contract employee 2.41 1.19 0.058 2.037 0.042* 0.089 4.738
Length of vacation days (ref.0)
 1–14 −2.52 1.27 −0.072 −1.991 0.047* −4.999 −0.038
  ≥ 15 −3.69 1.36 −0.098 −2.710 0.007** −6.359 −1.020
Experience of workplace violence (ref. No)
 Yes 7.02 1.15 0.138 6.082 <0.001*** 4.756 9.282
Social support (ref. Low)
 High −2.03 0.87 −0.055 −2.337 0.020* −3.740 −0.327
  1. Abbreviations: B the coefficients, SE Standard error, FFVW fear of future violence at workplace
  2. *, p < 0.05; **, p < 0.01; ***, p < 0.001