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Table 1 Linkage between topics of patient safety and required major courses

From: Developing an integrated curriculum for patient safety in an undergraduate nursing program: a case study

Course Learning Hours by Patient Safety Topics
  Year Title Outline A B C D E F
Theoretical 1 Understanding of Nursing A course offered in the first semester of the first year. It provides opportunities to learn the main concepts of nursing, history of nursing, and the range of tasks and professional values of nursing. Moreover, it helps students to prepare for their own role as professional nurses through an understanding of the nursing discipline. 2    1   
  2 Introduction to Clinical Nursing Practice I/II This course aims to provide knowledge and skills in basic nursing techniques, including core basic nursing techniques for patients to second-year nursing students who are soon to perform their first clinical practice. Students who have completed this course can apply their knowledge and solve various health problems in patients. 1      1
3 Communication II This course aims to improve therapeutic communications skills with various patients in clinical settings where nurses are active and improve communication skills within groups and organizations to facilitate cooperation between professionals.   1 1*    
4 Nursing Management This course explains the function of planning, organization, human resource management, command, and control such that the role of a nursing manager can be efficiently performed in a diversified social and health-related environment. This course helps individuals to solve problems in nursing management, understand the characteristics of nursing, and play a professional role as a nurse for advocating patient rights.      6  
Practical 3 Integrated Nursing Practice I/II This course allows to identify factors related to nutrition-metabolism-elimination, activity-rest, cognition-perception, self-concept-value/belief, roles/relationships-stress/coping, and sexuality-reproduction function of patients in the development cycle from birth to death in addition to health problems resulting from these factors. This course helps nursing students select the appropriate procedures to solve such health problems. 0.5*    0.5*   0.5*
4 Integrated Nursing Practice III/IV This course allows to identify problems that hinder the health function of individuals, families, and communities with complex and special health problems over the life cycle and solve health problems through critical thinking. This course also induces primary health management and health promotion based on the health needs of individuals, families, and local communities and foster nursing leadership in nursing students so that they can actively respond to changes with organizational management capacities.   1* 1*    
  4 Leadership Development This study aims to prepare fourth-year students for leadership and professional roles and help them successfully transition from students to professional nurses. Moreover, this course helps students understand the scope and role of nursing in hospital settings, the leadership required according to various situations, the importance of competencies (ethical and critical decision making, co-operation with other professionals, communication, and establishment of work relations). Students also have opportunities to evaluate their leadership competencies through practical application, and the course offers desirable leadership education required to be a professional nurse. 1* *† * * 1* *
  1. A: Patient safety principles; B: Teamwork; C: Communication; D: Patient engagement; E: Risk management & Quality improvement; F: IPSG standard
  2. * Courses where academic achievement are evaluated
  3. † If time is not indicated, these topics were included during the practical sessions without separate lecture