Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with nurses’ awareness of and adherence to the guideline

From: Intensive care nurses’ knowledge and practice of evidence-based recommendations for endotracheal suctioning: a multisite cross-sectional study in Changsha, China

Factors Variables No. of nurses answered Awareness scale Adherence scale
Median (IQR)a Z b or X2 c p-value Median (IQR) Z b or X2 c p-value
Gender Male 40 17(16,18) Z=-0.139 0.889 11(8,11) Z=-0.781 0.435
Female 241 18(15,19) 10(9,11)
Age ≤20 3 19(n/a) X2=1.817 0.611 11(n/a) X2=0.077 0.994
21-30 186 17(15-19) 10(9,11)
31-40 80 17.5(16,19) 10(8,11)
41-50 12 18(16,18.25) 10(9.5,11)
Highest Level of Education Associate degree 26 18(16,19) X2=1.764 0.623 11(8,11) X2=3.54 0.316
Bachelor's Degree 234 17(15,19) 10(9,11)
Master's Degree 20 17.5(15,18) 10(7.5,10.5)
PhD 1 n/a n/a
Years of work as registered nurses ≤5 110 17(15,19) X2=1.439 0.837 10(8,11) X2=2.129 0.712
6-10 109 17(16,18) 10(9,11)
11-15 37 18(15.5,19) 11(8,11)
16-20 13 18(16,19) 10(9,11)
>20 12 18(15.5,19) 10.5(9,11)
Years of work in ICU 1-5 135 17(14,19) X2=4.842 0.304 10(8,11) X2=5.021 0.285
6-10 103 18(15.5,18.5) 10(9,11)
11-15 27 18(17,19) 11(9,11)
16-20 10 17.5(10.75,19) 10(6,11)
>20 6 18(15,19) 11(7,11)
Type of ICU General 169 18(16,19) X2=9.312 0.071 10(9,11) X2=8.916 0.078
Cardiothoracic 3 17(n/a) 10(n/a)
Neurological 8 14(10.5,16) 7.5(6,9)
Respiratory 47 17(15,19) 11(9,11)
Emergency (department) 6 17(10.75,19) 9.5(6,11)
Coronary 20 19(17.25,19) 11(10,11)
Others 28 17(13.5,19) 10(6,11)
Job Title Nurse 40 17(14.25,19) X2=3.302 0.509 9.5(8,11) X2=8.183 0.085
Senior Nurse 154 17(15,19) 10(9,11)
Supervisor Nurse 81 18(16,19) 10(9,11)
Co-Chief Nurse 5 18(17,18) 10(9,10)
Chief Nurse 1 n/a n/a
Number of Patients Per Nurse on Duty 1 6 17.5(15,19) X2=1.896 0.755 10(9,11) X2=4.059 0.398
2 47 18(16,19) 10(8.5,11)
3 101 17(15,19) 10(8,11)
4 97 17(16,19) 10(9,11)
≥5 30 19(15,19) 10.5(7,11)
ETS training Yes 193 18(16,19) Z=-3.602 0.000 11(9,11) Z=-2.801 0.005
  No 88 17(13.5,18)    10 (7,10)   
  1. aIQR: Interquartile range
  2. bCalculated using Mann Whitney U Test
  3. CCalculated using Kruskal-Wallis H test