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Table 2 Brief description of the intervention; goals, principles, and processes presented together with the theoretical and practical foundations of the intervention

From: A feasibility study of a cognitive behavioral based stress management intervention for nursing students: results, challenges, and implications for research and practice

Session Main theoretical focus Main exercise Main change principle Main therapeutic process Main reference (s)
1. Introduction A brief description of the stress concept and basic principles of CBT and the intervention as a whole The Five-factor model O’Donohue and Fisher [24], Kuyken, Padesky [25]
2. Emotions school What are emotions?
Why do we have emotions?
Identify the function of emotions Attention change Attention training Passer and Smith [26]
3. Emotions school Concept of acceptance and coping What do we need to accept?
What would be different if you come to peace with it?
Attention change Acceptance/tolerance Kåver [27]
4. The importance of thoughts The transaction model
Cognitive Traps
Vulnerability vs. resilience
Decision balance Cognitive change Cognitive reframing Almén [28, 29]
5. The importance of thoughts Procrastination Worksheet with examples Cognitive change Cognitive reframing
Defusion
Rozental and Wennersten [30]
6. Self-compassion What does self-compassion mean? Create a compassionate self Cognitive change Cognitive reframing Neff [31]
7. Acceptance and commitment therapy The problem solving vs. it shows the consciousness of interpretations of different life themes
Psychological flexibility
The compass of life Context engagement
Cognitive change
Behavioral exposure
Defusion
Hayes, Strosahl [32]
8. Life’s balances Review of important balances:
Requirements vs. control / influence
Activation vs. deactivation
Effort vs. reward
Mapping your own situation Identifying barriers to change Context engagement Behavioral activation Bakker, Killmer [33]
9. Effective communication Communication behaviors Identifying barriers to effective communication Context engagement Behavioral exposure
Behavioral activation
Almén [28]
10. Summary