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Table 5 Cox regression analysis (univariate and multivariate) for readmission and / or mortality ≤ 180 days

From: Validation of the ELAN-HF Score and self-care behaviour on the nurse-led heart failure clinic after admission for heart failure

  Univariate HR Univariate p-value Multivariate HR Multivariate p-value
Gender 1.45 (0.8 to 2.61) 0.223   
History of DM 1.05 (0.53 to 2.08) 0.888   
History of COPD 1.87 (0.92 to 3.8) 0.084   
Atrial fibrillation at admission 1.51 (0.83 to 2.73) 0.175   
Admitted with ADHF in past year 2.42 (1.33 to 4.4) 0.004 1.90 (1.02—3.54) 0.044
Outpatient clinic patient 2.78 (1.45 to 5.35) 0.002 2.16 (1.10—4.24) 0.025
Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
 Preserved Reference    
 Moderately reduced 1.02 (0.63 to 1.66) 0.927   
 Reduced 1.28 (0.73 to 2.23) 0.387   
ELAN-HF score 1.27 (1.11 to 1.46)  < 0.001 1.24 (1.085—1.44) 0.003
EHFScBS-9 score normalized 1.01 (0.99 to 1.03) 0.174   
  1. COPD, Chronical Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, LVEF, Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction, ELAN-HF, European collaboration on Acute decompensated Heart Failure, EHFScBS-9 European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour Scale