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Table 3 Factors associated with Nurses’ perception on working environment sub-scales in Public Referral Hospitals of West Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, 2021 (N = 407)

From: Working environment of nurses in public referral hospitals of West Amhara, Ethiopia, 2021

Variable category Nurses’ working environment category COR 95%CI AOR 95% CI
Healthy Not healthy
Age Category  < 30 years 75 106 1 1
30–40 years 48 70 1.03(0.64,1.65) 0.49(0.12,2)
 > 40 years 65 43 0.47(0.29,0.76)* 0.26(0.07,1.01)
Gender Male 99 111 1 1
Female 87 106 1.09(0.73,1.61) 1.28(0.45,3.66)
Marital Status Single 55 82 1.45(0.95,2.2) 2.01(0.59,6.85)
Ever married 133 137 1  
Educational level of patient Diploma 9 8 1.02(0.32,3.35) 1.01(0.04, 26.34)
Degree 163 195 1.37(0.65,2.89) 0.56 (0.12,2.56)
Msc& above 16 14 1 1
Position at work positioned 20 12 0.49(0.23,1.03) 0.39 (0.08,1.86)
staffs 168 207 1 1
Professional experiences  < 5 years 48 85 1  
5–10 years 112 63 0.47(0.3,0.73)* 0.29 (0.08, 1.1)
 > 10 years 28 41 0.83(0.46,1.5) 0.9,(0.16, 5.06)
Working unit category Surgical ward 56 75 1  
Medical ward 31 37 .89 (.494,1.607 0.77(.19, 3.14)
Chronic OPD 18 9 .37(0.16,0.89)* 1.25(0.22,7.01)
OPD 9 21 1.74(0.74,4.09) 0.85( .09, 7.84)
ICU 16 15 .70 (0.32, 1.53) 2.04(0.44, 9.41)
Oby-gyn ward 5 5 .75(0.21, 2.70)  
Emergency 9 15 1.24 ( 0.51, 3.05) 1.82(0.2,16.68)
Pedy ward 19 18 .71(0 .34, 1.47) 0.13(0.02,0.1)*
others 15 16 .8( .036, 1.75) 0.35 (0.04, 3.11)
Salary category  <  = 5000 birr 19 17 .74 (0.35,1.57) 1
5001–8000 birr 116 138 .99(0.64, 1.53) 3.94(0.39, 39.6)
 > 8000 birr 53 64 1 2.01(0.64, 6.37)
Number of patient to whom the care is delivered per day  <  = 6 patients 73 62 .53 (.033, .84)** 0.81(.18, 3.53)
7–12 patients 51 54 .66(0.40,1.08) 0.21(0.05, 0.98)*
 > 12 patients 64 103 1  
Working shift during the data collection period morning 138 156 1  
Night 50 62 1.1(.708, 1.699) 1.07(0.38,3.02)
working hour per day  <  = 8 h 83 109 1  
 > 8 h 105 110 1.25 ( 0.85,1.85) 1.58(0.41, 6.11)
Are you a member of any professional association? yes 103 86 0.53 (0.36, 0.72)** 0.32(0.02, 6.34)
no 85 133 1  
Flexibility of your working schedule Yes 135 146 1  
No 50 71 1.313(0.85,2.02) 1.26(0.40, 3.96)
Do you have Professional identification/batch in your hospital Yes 117 110 1  
No 70 107 1.63 (1.09, 2.421)* 1.36(0.46, 4.1)
Are you satisfied with the current salary Yes 56 35 0.45 (0.28,.72)*** 0.42(.12, 1.38)
No 132 184 1  
Do you have a future vision to the nursing profession development Yes 136 120 0.46(0.30, 0.70)*** 1.3(0.46, 3.73)
No 50 96 1  
Is there a focus of ministry of health to the nursing profession? Yes 78 54 0.46( 0.30, 0.70)*** 0.27(0.09, .82)*
No 109 164 1  
Is there free medical services available for nurses in your hospital? Yes 97 94 0.70(0.46,1.04) 1.65(0.60, 4.51)
No 90 124 1  
  1. * Significant, ** Highly significant, *** The significant level is <0.001