Maslach C, Jackson SE, Leiter MP. Maslach burnout inventory manual. 3rd ed. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press; 1996.
Dyrbye LN, Johnson PO, Johnson LM, Satele D, Shanafelt TD. Efficacy of the well-being index to identify distress and well-being in US nurses. Nurs Res. 2018;67(6):447–55.
Dyrbye LN, Shanafelt TD, Sinsky CA, Cipriano PF, Bhatt J, Ommaya A, West CP, Meyers D. Burnout among health care professionals: A call to explore and address this underrecognized threat to safe, high-quality care. Washington DC: National Academy of medicine; 2017.
Aiken LH, Sermeus W, Van den Heede K, et al. Patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of hospital care: cross sectional surveys of nurses and patients in 12 countries in Europe and the United States. BMJ. 2012;344:e1717.
Moss M, Good VS, Gozal D, Kleinpell R, Sessler CN. An official critical care societies collaborative statement: burnout syndrome in critical care healthcare professionals: A call for action. Crit Care Med. 2016;44:1414–21.
Pradas-Hernández L, Ariza T, Gómez-Urquiza JL, Albendín-García L, De la Fuente EI. Cañadas-De la Fuente GA. Prevalence of burnout in paediatric nurses: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2018;13(4):e0195039. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195039.
Li H, Cheng B, Zhu XP. Quantification of burnout in emergency nurses: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int Emerg Nurs. 2018;39:46–54.
International Classification of Diseases for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics. Version 4/2019. QD85 Burn-out. 2019. at https://icd.who.int/browse11/l-m/en#/http://id.who.int/icd/entity/129180281, Accessed 10/7/2019.)
Woodhead EL, Northrop L, Edelstein B. Stress, social support, and burnout among long-term care nursing staff. J Appl Gerontol. 2016;35:84–105.
Pisanti R. Van der Doef mv, Maes S, Meier LL, Lazzari D, Violani C. How changes in psychosocial job characteristics impact burnout in nurses: A longitudinal analysis. Front Psychol. 2016;7:1082. Published online 2016 Jul 26. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01082.
McHugh MD, Ma C. Wage, work environment, and staffing: effects on nurse outcomes. Policy, Polit Nurs Pract. 2014;15:72–80.
Kutney-Lee A, Wu ES, Sloane DM, Aiken LH. Changes in hospital nurse work environments and nurse job outcomes: an analysis of panel data. Int J Nurs Stud. 2013;50:195–201.
Pisanti R. JobDemands-control-social SupportModel and coping strategies: predicting burnout and wellbeing in a group of ItalianNurses. Med Lav. 2012;103:466–81.
Rushton CH, Batcheller J, Schroeder K, Donohue P. Burnout and resilience among nurses practicing in high-intensity settings. Am J Crit Care. 2015;24:412–20.
Shin S, Park JH, Bae SH. Nurse staffing and nurse outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Nurs Outlook. 2018;66:273–82.
Li B, Bruyneel L, Sermeus W, et al. Group-level impact of work environment dimensions on burnout experiences among nurses: A multivariate multilevel probit model. Int J Nurs Stud. 2013;50:281–91.
Harris DA, Haskell J, Cooper E, Crouse N, Gardner R. Estimating the association between burnout and electronic health record-related stress among advanced practice registered nurses. Appl Nurs Res. 2018;43:36–41.
Cimiotti JP, Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Wu ES. Nurse staffing, burnout, and health care-associated infection.[erratum appears in am J infect control. 2012 Sep;40(7):680]. Am J Infect Control. 2012;40:486–90.
Welp A, Meier LL, Manser T. Emotional exhaustion and workload predict clinician-rated and objective patient safety. Front Psychol. 2015;5:1–13.
Al Sabei SD, Ross AM, Lee CS. Factors influencing nurses' willingness to lead. J Nurs Manag. 2019;27:278–85.
Galletta M, Portoghese I, D'Aloja E, et al. Relationship between job burnout, psychosocial factors and health care-associated infections in critical care units. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2016;34:51–8.
Hayes LJ, O'Brien-Pallas L, Duffield C, et al. Nurse turnover: a literature review - an update. Int J Nurs Stud. 2012;49:887–905.
Fida R, Laschinger HKS, Leiter MP. The protective role of self-efficacy against workplace incivility and burnout in nursing: A time-lagged study. Health Care Manag Rev. 2018;43:21–9.
Dutra HS, Cimiotti JP, Guirardello EDB. Nurse work environment and job-related outcomes in Brazilian hospitals. Appl Nurs Res. 2018;41:68–72.
Havaei F, Macphee M, Susan DV. RNs and LPNs: emotional exhaustion and intention to leave. J Nurs Manag. 2016;24:393–9.
Nantsupawat A, Kunaviktikul W, Nantsupawat R, Wichaikhum OA, Thienthong H, Poghosyan L. Effects of nurse work environment on job dissatisfaction, burnout, intention to leave. Int Nurs Rev. 2017;64:91–8.
Lee HF, Chiang HY, Kuo HT. Relationship between authentic leadership and nurses' intent to leave: The mediating role of work environment and burnout. J Nurs Manag. 2019;27:52–65.
Palazoglu CA, Koc Z. Ethical sensitivity, burnout, and job satisfaction in emergency nurses. Nurs Ethics. 2019;26:809–22.
AACN. Fact sheet: nursing shortage. American Association of Colleges of Nursing; 2017.
Brborović H, Daka Q, Dakaj K, Brborović O. Antecedents and associations of sickness presenteeism and sickness absenteeism in nurses: A systematic review. Int J Nurs Pract. 2017;23(6). https://doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12598. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
Davey MM, Cummings G, Newburn-Cook CV, Lo EA. Predictors of nurse absenteeism in hospitals: a systematic review. J Nurs Manag. 2009;17:312–30.
Parker PA, Kulik JA. Burnout, self- and supervisor-rated job performance, and absenteeism among nurses. J Behav Med. 1995;18:581–99.
Demerouti E, Blanc PM, B. bakker A, Schaufeli W, Hox J. Present but sick: A three-wave study on job demands, presenteeism and burnout. Career Dev Int. 2009;14:50–68.
Bekker MHJ, Croon MA, Bressers B. Childcare involvement, job characteristics, gender and work attitudes as predictors of emotional exhaustion and sickness absence. Work Stress. 2005;19:221–37.
Firth H, Britton P. "burnout," absence and turnover amongst British nursing staff. J Occup Psychol. 1989;62:55–9.
AlHeresh R, LaValley MP, Coster W, Keysor JJ. Construct validity and scoring methods of the World Health Organization: health and work performance questionnaire among workers with arthritis and Rheumatological conditions. J Occup Environ Med. 2017;59:e112–e8.
Kessler RC, Ames M, Hymel PA, et al. Using the World Health Organization health and work performance questionnaire (HPQ) to evaluate the indirect workplace costs of illness. J Occup Environ Med. 2004;46:S23–37.
Kessler RC, Barber C, Beck A, et al. The World Health Organization health and work performance questionnaire (HPQ). J Occup Environ Med. 2003;45:156–74.
Scuffham PA, Vecchio N, Whiteford HA. Exploring the validity of HPQ-based presenteeism measures to estimate productivity losses in the health and education sectors. Med Decis Mak. 2014;34:127–37.
Suzuki T, Miyaki K, Song Y, et al. Relationship between sickness presenteeism (WHO-HPQ) with depression and sickness absence due to mental disease in a cohort of Japanese workers. J Affect Disord. 2015;180:14–20.
Merikangas KR, Ames M, Cui L, et al. The impact of comorbidity of mental and physical conditions on role disability in the US adult household population. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007;64:1180–8.
Johns G, Miraglia M. The reliability, validity, and accuracy of self-reported absenteeism from work: a meta-analysis. J Occup Health Psychol. 2015;20:1–14.
Wang PS, Simon GE, Avorn J, et al. Telephone screening, outreach, and Care Management for Depressed Workers and Impact on clinical and work productivity outcomes. JAMA. 2007;298:1401–11.
Maslach C, Jackson SE, Leiter MP. Maslach Burnout Inventory. 4th ed; 2016.
Validated Instruments to Assess Work-Related Dimensions of Well-Being. 2018. (Accessed 2018, 2018, at https://nam.edu/valid-reliable-survey-instruments-measure-burnout-well-work-related-dimensions/.)
West CP, Dyrbye LN, Shanafelt TD. Physician burnout: contributors, consequences and solutions. J Intern Med. 2018;283:516–29.
Shanafelt TD, Hasan O, Dyrbye LN, et al. Changes in burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance in physicians and the general US working population between 2011 and 2014.[erratum appears in Mayo Clin Proc. 2016 Feb;91(2):276]. Mayo Clin Proc. 2015;90:1600–13.
Shanafelt TD, Boone S, Tan L, et al. Burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance among US physicians relative to the general US population. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172:1377–85.
Spitzer RL, Williams JB, Kroenke K, et al. Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care. The PRIME-MD 1000 study. JAMA. 1994;272:1749–56.
Whooley MA, Avins AL, Miranda J, Browner WS. Case-finding instruments for depression. Two questions are as good as many. J Gen Intern Med. 1997;12:439–45.
West CP, Tan AD, Habermann TM, Sloan JA, Shanafelt TD. Association of resident fatigue and distress with perceived medical errors. JAMA. 2009;302:1294–300.
Aitken RC. Measurement of feelings using visual analogue scales. Proc R Soc Med. 1969;62:989–93.
Singh JA, Satele D, Pattabasavaiah S, Buckner JC, Sloan JA. Normative data and clinically significant effect sizes for single-item numerical linear analogue self-assessment (LASA) scales. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2014;12:187.
Rummans T, Clark MM, Sloan JA. al. e. Impacting quality of life for patients with advanced cancer with a structured multidisciplinary intervention: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Oncol. 2006;24:635–42.
Sloan JA, Zhao X, Novotny PJ, et al. Relationship between deficits in overall quality of life and non-small-cell lung cancer survival. J Clin Oncol. 2012;30:1498–504.
Locke DE, Decker PA, Sloan JA, et al. Validation of single-item linear analog scale assessment of quality of life in neuro-oncology patients. J Pain Symptom Manag. 2007;34:628–38.
Sloan JLC, Kuross S, et al. Randomized comparison of four tools measuring overall quality of life in patients with advanced cancer. J Clin Oncol. 1998;16:3662–73.
Higgins J, Se G. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration Available from wwwhandbookcochraneorg; 2011.
Toppinen-Tanner S, Ojajärvi A, Väänaänen A, Kalimo R, Jäppinen P. Burnout as a predictor of medically certified sick-leave absences and their diagnosed causes. Behav Med. 2005;31:18–32.
Letvak SA, Ruhm CJ, Gupta SN. Nurses’ presenteeism and its effects on self-reported quality of care and costs. Am J Nurs. 2012;112:30–8.
Pauly MV, Nicholson S, Polsky D, Berger ML, Sharda C. Valuing reductions in on-the-job illness: 'Presenteeism' from managerial and economic perspectives. Health Econ. 2008;17:469–85.
Burmeister EA, Kalisch BJ, Xie B, et al. Determinants of nurse absenteeism and intent to leave: an international study. J Nurs Manag. 2019;27:143–53.
Budden JS, Moulton P, Harper KJ, Brunell M, Smiley R. The 2015 National Nursing Workforce Survey. J Nurs Reg. 2015;7:S4–6.
The U.S. Nursing Workforce: Trends in Supply and Education. 2013. at https://bhw.hrsa.gov/sites/default/files/bhw/nchwa/projections/nursingworkforcetrendsoct2013.pdf.
Mbombi MO, Mothiba TM, Malema RN, Malatji M. The effects of absenteeism on nurses remaining on duty at a tertiary hospital of Limpopo province. Curationis. 2018;41:e1–5.